People Saving on LPG Cylinders
Punjab has set an example by bringing biogas revolution in the state. Punjab Energy Development Authority (PEDA) has encouraged many people to opt for biogas plans in the state, and they are no more dependent on LPG for fuel.
The government through PEDA has managed to provide people with option to use it as fuel for cooking purposes. A basic biogas plant of 2 cubic meter capacity can provide cooking gas to a family.
Also besides being the most suitable of cooking biogas can also be put to use for lighting of gas lamps. Further biogas can also be used to operate a dual fuel engine thus replacing diesel. A biogas plant installation costs Rs 50,000.
The subsidy of Rs 9000 provided by PEDA has helped many residents of the villages to go in for biogas plants. The government has implemented the programme through trained turnkey workers who take the services of trained masons for installing these plants. All installations are done under the supervision of PEDA officers, application of which after completion of work is again submitted to the PEDA for releasing subsidy, which is released for three years with turnkey worker as guaranteed for three years for running the plant.
The scheme is a success story with many households in Punjab opting for biogas plants because of the subsidy and support being given by PEDA, especially in rural areas. It is also helping save money of the people who don’t have to buy gas cylinders. Most of the villagers have cows and calves and with biogas plant they are able to cater to their cooking needs even for big families.
During summers there is an advantage as they are able to produce more gas. Further the slurry generated from the plant helps in making organic manure. In several cow shelters also biogas plants have been made and these are helping in generating power there, which are thus saving on electricity bills.
As per calculations a plant of 450 cubic metre of biogas can general 50 KVA power through a generator set which is fuelled by biogas. According to Anupam Nanda, District Manager with PEDA, a biogas plant with 6 cubic meter capacity can feed six cattle, and can save 1.5 cylinder worth of LPG.
Further PEDA has been getting a lot of queries from people who are keen to set up their biogas plants. Also there are awareness campaigns for people educating them about setting up plants, which are also environment friendly.
Popularity of biogas plants dates back to 2013 when some progressive farmers of villages in Punjab facing power cuts had set up biogas plants for generating electricity.
What is Biogas?
Biogas is considered to be not only clean but an efficient fuel and is produced from cattle dung, human excreta and other organic manner. It contains 55 to 60 percent methane and also 30 to 35 percent carbon dioxide and traces of Nitrogen, Hydrogen and water.